Urology is the branch of science that deals with the disorders of the urinary tract for everyone and the male reproductive organs. The organs that are primarily treated in urology by specialized urologists such as Dr. Cletus Georges MD include the kidneys, urinary bladder, urethra, ureters, penis, vas deferens, testes, prostate glands, epididymis, and seminal vesicles.
When the case is that of UTI or urinary tract infection, patients may see a general physician in its initial stages; however, if conditions do not seem to come under control, that is when the urologist’s role comes into prominence. A urologist is specialized to treat a heightened urological problem. They can also diagnose and treat all urine changes, erectile dysfunction in men or even lumps of tumors in the testicles.
Cancer of the urinary bladder or prostate gland as also kidney stones can be treated by urologists effectively. Urologists often work in collaboration with other specialists such as oncologists, pediatricians, or gynecologists. Considering the wide range of medical conditions, a urologist has to treat, the knowledge they need to acquire is also wide ranged. Urology is also known by the name of surgical specialty or genitourinary surgery. The urologists should understand gynecological issues, pediatric issues, internal medicine and several other things.
Dr Cletus Georges MD and other urologists such as him need to select an area of sub-specialty from among the following list:
Female urology – any problem related to urinary incontinence, bladder or pelvic organ prolapse is studied in this category. The urologists who specialize in this often find their practice overlapping with urogynecologists.
Laparoscopy – surgeries of the kidneys, ureter or prostate are done under this.
Neurourology – this study involves the nerves that cause adverse changes in urination.
Endourology – this is a closed surgery performed on the urinary tract using small cameras.
Urologic oncology – the genitourinary diseases are studied in this sub-specialty of urology.
Andrology – the area of study in this category, is mainly related to all-male reproductive organ dysfunctionality.
Pediatric urology – this is the study about urological disorders in children.
Reconstructive urology – this involves the study of simultaneously restoring the structure and functionality of the genitourinary tract.
Erectile dysfunction, urinary tract stones, male infertility, renal transplantation are some of the other sub-disciplines of urology. According to Dr. Cletus Georges MD, the complete study of urology at the postgraduate level takes as long as five years. This is divided into two parts; 12 months are dedicated to general surgery, while clinical urology takes up to 36 months to study. The remaining time is spent in achieving expertise over the specializing areas.
Urology is said to be a combined field of science that tends to both non-surgical and surgical conditions. The non-surgical ones include UTIs, while the surgical ones include kidney stones, prostate cancer, stress incontinence and the like. The surgeries that are carried out in urology include barely invasive surgeries. Laparoscopic, laser-assisted, and robotic surgeries are practiced under this branch of medical science.
Urology is gradually evolving, and surveys reveal that has become one of the most sought-after professions in the recent times.